Periodontitis or ‘periodontal disease’ is better known as gum and jaw bone disease. What is it exactly? It is caused by a bacterial disease which affects the supporting structures of your teeth.
They include periodontal ligament, the gingiva (gum) as well as the alveolar bone (which is part of the jawbone).
Periodontal disease is able to cause significant damage to the structures which provide nourishment and support of your teeth.
Periodontitis is also a major factor for the loss of teeth in adults.
What Causes Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is caused by plaque build-up, which is a colourless bacterial film that can form on your teeth.
The build-up then can turn into gum inflammation. This is commonly known as gingivitis. It is frequent among children and adults alike.
Anytime your gums become compromised, it then causes the seal between the gums and teeth to open. After this happens, it causes the bacterial infection to then deepen into the tissue.
Not only does it cause severe damage to both the periodontal ligament and the underlying bone, if it is left untreated, then it is inevitable to result in tooth loss.
Signs of Periodontal Disease
The signs of Periodontal disease include plaque, tartar, pocket, and a reduced bone level.
How To Prevent Periodontitis
The best way to prevent Periodontitis and gingivitis is by practising good oral hygiene. As well as visiting your dentist regularly.